Category Archives: Nepal

Maobadi in NYC: Prachanda speaks to the New School!

Thanks to Com. Daniel for putting up audio on his site Hegemonik. Prachanda spoke to an audience of Communists, revolutionaries, Nepalis, Tibetan Independence activists, Human Rights activists, other

Prachanda Sketch

Prachanda Sketch

national dignatories, journalists, etc. at an event hosted by the India China Institute of the New School. I myself was at the event, and it was something quite inspiring and intense, I wish Prachanda and the CPN (M) the best in their struggle to transform their country from feudal social relations and hope they never lose sight of the need of Communist transformation of what we Maoists know as the “4 Alls”.

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Maobadi in NYC: Prachanda’s address to the UN.

Prachanda speaking to the United Nations

Prachanda speaking to the United Nations

Mr. President,
Mr. General Secretary,
Excellencies,
Distinguished Delegates

1.At the outset, allow me to congratulate you on your election as the President of this Assembly and to assure you of my delegation’s full cooperation in discharging your responsibilities. I also thank the UN Secretary General for his comprehensive report on the work of the UN and his positive reference to the situation obtaining in Nepal.

Mr. President,

2. It is indeed a historic opportunity for me to address this august Assembly as the first Prime Minister of Nepal of the newest republic of the world. As I stand here in front of the global leadership, I think of the long struggle that I and my party waged with single mindedness for the liberation of the common man from the clutches of the age-old suppression, deprivation, marginalization and outright negligence of the then existing polity. My fellow countrymen and women, toiling in the mountains and valleys, working day and night in the low lands and the urban areas and yet unable to ensure even the simple necessities of life for his or her family had a hope and expectation that one day they would lead a decent life with equal rights and opportunities and be recognized as respectful citizens of the country. We are at this significant turning point in the political history of Nepal.

And I and my party are proud to be leading force of that positive historical change. Today I see a great hope in the glinting eyes of the dalit boy from the far west, downtrodden women from the indigenous nationality in the east, homeless Tharu girl and landless Madhesi and other peasants from the hills living under the thatched roofs. I intend to lead them with conviction and sincerity towards a new journey of sustainable peace and equitable progress in a modern Nepal. I have therefore the honour and great privilege of bringing with me the greetings and best wishes of the people and government of that new Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal to this august Assembly.

3. Following the Comprehensive Peace Agreement in November 2006 after a decade long armed struggle, we began our peace process and eventually held elections to the Constituent Assembly in April this year. People have overwhelmingly voted for my party and made us the single largest political party in the Assembly with great hope and expectations. At its first meeting, the Constituent Assembly declared Nepal a Federal Democratic Republic formally ending the 240-year old monarchy and creating a new opportunity to transform the old feudalistic state into an inclusive and federated ‘new Nepal’. This was in keeping with the long-standing aspirations of the Nepalese people. They voted in favour of change and transformation that my own party had fought for so many years. After the historic political transformations, our agenda now is to bring equally historic socio-economic transformation of the country.

Today I must inform you with all humility that our Constituent Assembly is the most inclusive representative body in which all marginalized, oppressed ethnic communities, indigenous nationalities, dalits, disadvantaged and the people from backward regions and communities are its members which will herald a new beginning in the country. This may very well be an example of representativeness to the world in the first decade of the twenty first century.

4. The Government is committed to restore law and order, provide relief to the people affected by the conflict, fight against the cancerous growth of corruption and start an economic recovery package focusing on pro-poor growth, infrastructure development and public private partnership. The government will build an effective partnership with the international community in creating an atmosphere for unleashing a new socio-economic transformation that the Nepalese people are waiting for so long.

5. Nepal’s peace process is unique in its characteristics and is based on multiparty democracy, inclusiveness, accommodation, dialogue, and the recognition of the people as the ultimate arbiter. It is the outcome of our own creative disposition toward peace and we feel that it can also serve as a reference model for peace elsewhere.

6. We appreciate the United Nation’s continued support to the peace process, especially in monitoring the management of arms and personnel through the United Nations mission in Nepal (UNMIN). The UN Mission has undertaken its mandated tasks well. I also take this opportunity to thank our neighbors, friends, donors for their continued support in favor of the peace process and the institutionalization of democracy in Nepal. I am confident that they would do so for unleashing its development potentials also as per the wish of the Nepalese people.

Mr. President,
7. As we proceed along the peace process within the country, new problems in the form of global food crisis, rising oil prices and imminent dangers from climate change stare us in the face. These challenges also undermine our achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). There will be no success in achieving MDGs without ensuring them in the LDCs. Solemn pledges were made in the 2000 Millennium Declaration and in the 2002 World Conference on Financing for Development held in Monterrey. Many of these commitments are yet to be fulfilled and achievement of the Millennium Development Goals remains elusive to most the world’s poor people.

8. The United Nations agenda today has to tackle these development challenges and many other issues such as religious extremism and terrorism, proliferation of nuclear weapons and weapons of mass destruction, transnational crimes such as drugs, human trafficking and money-laundering, continuing conflicts within and among states, and gross violations of human rights, genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity. It is more than obvious that many of these global problems require global solutions. Together we can rise to the occasion and adopt a vision and strategy that the founders of the United Nations Organization charted in the purposes and principles of the Charter of the Organization. Multilateralism, not unilateralism is the answer to these problems.

9. The least developed countries like Nepal are faced with the special predicament in their development efforts. We are trapped in a vicious circle of poverty. For many historical reasons, we have low economic growth, low productivity, underdeveloped industries and traditional agriculture. Because of the low level of social indicators and less opportunities, conflict and crisis continue to be prevalent in these countries. Today, the growing gap between the rich and the poor within the country as well as between the nations is a sure sign of a looming disaster. It is also inhuman and unjust that such as high level of inequality is still so common in this age of human achievements, abundance and progress.

Equally important is the fact that islands of prosperity in the sea of poverty is not sustainable and certainly not in the enlightened self-interest of even the developed countries themselves, as it breeds resentment, fuels conflict and undermines their own progress in the long run. It also goes against the fundamental spirit of the United Nations. Because of the peculiar nature of the lDCs and their high level of vulnerabilities, I strongly urge that the issues of the LDCs should be looked at by the United Nations separately and with special focus programs. They should be ensured dedicated support and cooperation if we want to make our world just and inclusive that the United Nations so proudly espouses.

10. We are not only least developed but also land-locked. That is a double disadvantage in our efforts to fulfill the development aspirations. In fact, we feel further marginalized due to the overwhelming impact of the downside of globalization and the high cost of doing trade. We want full implementation of the respective global compacts, the Brussels Program of Action for the Least Developed Countries and the Almaty Program of Action for the Landlocked Developing Countries. In particular, I would like to highlight the need in the part of our developed country partners to fulfill the commitment and pledges in allocating certain percentage of their GNP to these countries and in making available trade concessions , debt relief like to commit that Nepal will fulfill its pledge to own its development programs in accordance with its national priorities including on poverty reduction and pro-poor governance policies.

11. We need to protect our people from the rising vulnerabilities of climate change. For example, in my own country Nepal, the meting of glaciers and shifting weather patterns, are threatening the life support systems, undermining the sustainability of agriculture and inducing extreme climate-induced disasters such as frequent floods and landslides. The Himalayan range provides life supporting water downstream for more than a billion people. The Mt. Everest, as the roof of the world, and the Himalayan range need to be protected and utilized properly to contribute to the humanity as a whole. So I strongly appeal to the international community to extend all necessary support and cooperation to protect and promote its pristine environment. We need to create a regime of common but differentiated responsibilities, in which the developed counties will lift the burdens of adaptation in the vulnerable countries, such as the least developed countries and small islands. The world will stand to benefit in addressing the climate change if we are able to harness the tremendous potentials of Nepal’s hydro-power as it a renewable and clean source of energy. For this, Nepal is ready to invite and encourage investment in its hydro-power projects.

Mr. President,

12. I am pleased that UN Regional Centre for Peace and Disarmament in Asia and the Pacific has been now operational from Kathmandu twenty years after it was established by this august Assembly. I thank all the members, courtiers from the region and the Secretary General and the officials of the Secretariat for the smooth relocation of the Centre from New York to Kathmandu. I would like to take this opportunity to reiterate Nepal’s commitment to make this Centre successful through the cooperation of all the countries concerned.

13. Over the years, peacekeeping has evolved as the soul of the United Nations. With this in mind, Nepal has been regularly sanding its peacekeepers at the call of the United Nations since 1958. We are celebratory the 50th anniversary of Nepal’s continuous participation in the UN peacekeeping operations, I take this opportunity to reiterate Nepal’s commitment that we will continue to provide our troops for the cause of peace worldwide. Today, Nepal is the fifth largest contributor of troops and police personnel to UN’s peacekeeping operations. We are glad that they have earned accolades for their professional competence and performance both at home and abroad. We consider this our modest contribution to international peace and security

14. Enjoyment of universal human rights is absolutely essential in creating the environment of peace, justice, democracy and development. As a democracy, Nepal is fully committed to protect and promote the human rights of its people under all circumstances with constitutional and legal guarantees and implementation of the international human rights instruments to which Nepal is a party. The government is committed to end the environment of impunity. The proposed Truth and Reconciliation Commission, which will seek to arrive at a necessary balance between peace and justice, so that there is justice, and that the centrality of the peace process is preserved. We will continue to strengthen the National Human Rights Commission so that it can take up its statutory responsibility for protection and promotion of human rights in the country even more effectively. It goes without saying that the environment for the protection and promotion of human rights in Nepal has significantly improved, especially after the signing of the comprehensive peace agreement in November 2006.

Mr. President,
15. As a least developed country that entered the World Trade Organization not too long ago, Nepal is concerned at the lack of tangible progress in negotiations on the Doha Development Agenda. We think that the opportunities in world trade through multilateral trading framework of the WTO should not be delayed any further. The lest developed countries deserve a duty free and quota free market access for all their tradable products from all major countries with sincerity, together with more favorable rules of origin and the support for enhancing their supply side capacity. Only then the Doha Round would be development round in the real sense of the word. Without meaningful integration of the LDSs into the global regime, I do not know how we can make the global trading regime sustainable, equitable and inclusive. Similarly, the least developed countries need more aid for trade and trade facilitation measures to enhance trading capacity.

16. Today, the United Nations needs to reform and democratize itself to take on the numerous challenges in international peace and security effectively. And it should also reflect the current realities of the world. We should also give necessary credibility, legitimacy, competence and effectiveness to the world body in solving the global problems. I take this opportunity to reiterate Nepal’s solemn faith and commitment to the purposes and principles of the United Nations Charter. On behalf of the people and government of Nepal, pledge to work with all of you to take on the global challenges thought the United Nations in a spirit of goodwill, cooperation and mutual solidarity. It is with the belief that we have adopted them as one of the tenets of Nepal’s foreign policy. Nepal is an example of how swords have been turned into ploughshares. That is what the United Nations believes in. Therefore, as I address this gathering here, I have a special feeling about the whole objectives and ideals that the United Nations stand for and the co-relationship between those ideals and the political, economic and social transformation that we would like to achieve in our country. May we all succeed in attaining our common objectives thought our collective and sincere efforts as the united and inseparable members of the single global family?

I thank you!

What about the Maobadi?

[This is a repost for something which I put up on the social networking site Facebook. It was basically a frustrating letter and note to friends within mostly the New York Student Activist scene to begin looking toward Nepal and whats happening there. I repost this up because Mike Ely has posted a brilliant essay, entitled Eyes on the Maobadi: 4 Reasons Nepal’s Revolution Matters, which we will post on this site June 10th, 2008]                              
  Maoist woman musician
I tend to sit at my computer, googling for the news and updates about what is happening in Nepal over the current political struggle between Maoists, their growing coalition, and the other parliamentary parties who are set to try to win as much as possible if not sabotage the process of creating a coalition government under the leadership of the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), a Party who won a great plurality of the historical elections, which surprised the international community. It has been over ten years of People’s War, which saw around 10,000 people lose their lives, over two years of political struggle since which saw the fascist feudal King Gyendera fall from power and beginning of desolution of the Monarchy. There is a real struggle for the path and future of over 25 million people in Nepal, and yet my Google news search results only get the international news from the Hindi Times or Kantipur Online. Unbelievable.

How is it we in this country here nothing of what is happening? How is it there is almost an unspoken silence of the struggles of South Asia? Of course there is a failure here of the media to report, no questioning, we hear nothing of the truth in the struggles of the people in Latin America, in Palestine, etc. We know this as just the Chomksyian unspoken rule of the media, it is general knowledge. This is not what makes me flinch, its the fact that the Left is unquestionably silent on it. We still get more reports on Chipas (a struggle, that for all honesty, has stagnated and is losing its base.), on Tibet and all its Oriental mystique attached, and even on the need to defend China (Party for Socialism and Liberation is promoting a book on the need to defend tarnished “socialism” in China.). There are a few notable exceptions like Revolution in South Asia blog and Learn from Nepal project.

I am astounded of why this is, whats with the silence? First it has to be laid on the feet of the fraternal party of the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) for creating an atmosphere of ignorance of whats happening in Nepal, that fraternal Party being the Revolutionary Communist Party, USA. It is an absolute shame that you can’t even pick up The Worker #11 [11th issue of the theoretical journal of the Nepali Maobadi] at the nearest Revolution Books near you. It also goes without saying that the very tactics and methodology of the RCP is motive enough for many to be turned off from the Maobadi in Nepal, the Naxalites in India, armed struggle in the Philippines. But it also on the heads of the general Left, for all those who speak of politics of liberation and aren’t acknowledging the most thorough-going and radical Revolutionary Movement in more than two decades.

If you want to get a grasp of the emerging world economy, how can we ignore South Asia? Nepal is a country, that has been a semi-colonial outpost of India. It is a a source of cheap labor for the developing economies in Qatar, the UAE, in the cities of India (remittances are a huge part of the Nepalese economy). Men go into these countries as guest workers, often paid well below the national minimum, others are recruited into the Indian armed forces. There is also an incredible amount of human trafficking of Nepalese women into prostitution in India. It is also a country deep with the contradictions presented in the Global South of developing emerging urban centers, alongside great shantyization of poor communities in the cities or near them. It is coupled with the deep backwardness of rural peasantry with the emerging Industrial agriculture throughout South Asia.

What is more bothersome is that there is from this not even the willingness to postulate what possibly can be a new South Asia. Why isn’t it accessible to us, the fact that India (the largest “democracy”) practices holistically a policy of repression of political revolutionaries [imprisoning and murdering], and puts into policy a Hindi-chauvinistic oppression of the various national minorities that compose the country? Why isn’t it well known that half the states of India have active revolutionary parallel states in rural areas, that national oppression is being fought with national liberation by the various ethnic minorities, that the Naxalite uprising of 1969 hasn’t died, but has intensified. That the Maobadi have united in many areas and are actively fighting the militiarist police state in West Bengal? In Andra Pradesh? In Jarkhand? Whats happening in Bengal? Whats happening in Bhutan? We would be surprised to learn the truth isn’t the typical good-will story development perpetuated by NGOs’.

To not begin even looking at the developments of Nepal shows the utter routine that the “Left” of this country has gotten into, how we are so stuck in our models, or have already set our verdicts. This goes for everyone from the A’s to the C’s.

Going Going Gone!

Anirban Roy, Hindustan Times
Kathmandu, May 27, 2008

As Nepal’s monarchy draws near to an end, political parties on Tuesday decided to have a ceremonial president and an executive prime minister.

After three days of intense closed-door negotiations, leaders of the three largest parties in the Constituent Assembly  the Maoists, the Nepali Congress and the Communist Party of Nepal (UML)  agreed to the proposal after Nepal is declared a republic.

The first sitting of the assembly on Wednesday, which is likely to endorse the decision to declare Nepal a republic, will bring an end to the 240-year-old monarchy.

The president will serve as the country’s head-of-state. “As per the agreement, the president can exercise his powers to resolve any constitutional or political deadlock,” CPN (UML) general-secretary Jhalanath Khanal told HT.

However, the parties are yet to decide whether both the executive and ceremonial positions would be occupied by a single party or would be shared by the parties.

As the Maoists have emerged as the largest party, the new government is likely to be led by Prachanda. “The three major parties will float Tuesday’s agreement at the Seven-party Alliance meeting,” Khanal said.

The parties also decided to recommend to the government to declare a holiday from May 28 to 30, to allow people to take part in celebrations to herald the proclamation of republic.

The royal flag will be replaced by a national flag at the Narayanhiti royal palace. During the next one week, the parties will try to iron out the differences to amend the interim constitution.

The Nepali Congress and the CPN (UML) have been campaigning for an immediate amendment of the interim constitution to substitute the clause of two-third provision with simple majority for removal of the prime minister.

Members sworn in

The members of the assembly were sworn-in on Tuesday at a function at Birendra International Convention Centre, while a bomb exploded at a busy Kathmandu bus stop, injuring six.

Seventy-seven-year-old Kulbahadur Gurung of the Nepali Congress, the oldest member, administered the oath of office and secrecy to the members.

No More Gurkhas for India

[Prachanda has asked the Indian state to stop the recruitment of Nepalese into the Indian military. Known as Gurkhas, this is one of the last quaint vestiges of old British Imperialism which created brigades out of what they deemed “warlike” ethnic groups, the Gurkhas being one of them, fethisized as courageous self-less warriors, true noble savages. Gurkhas are still till this day, recruited into Militaries across the former out outposts of British Imperialism in Asia. India has – according to this article – 40,000 Gurkhas in the Army. However there are Gurkha brigades in Singapore and perhaps elsewhere. Indian military is justifying its exploitation of the conditions of the Nepalese to recruit into their military and are giving the standard apologetic excuse of putting food on the table of the Nepalese.]

Nepali Gorkhas may soon not be a part of the Indian Army (Lead, Superseding earlier story)

By Ritu Sharma
New Delhi, May 12 (IANS)India’s first field marshal, S.H.F.J. Manekshaw, preferred calling himself Sam ‘Bahadur’ as a sign of respect for the brave Gorkha soldiers, most of whom came from Nepal. However, a call by Nepal Maoist chief Prachanda not to allow them to join the Indian army could impact on traditional military ties between the two countries. “If anyone says he is not afraid of anything, either he is lying or he is a Gorkha,” Manekshaw once said.

However, Prachanda, who is poised to head the government in the Himalayan nation, told reporters April 25 that Nepali Gorkhas should not be allowed to join Indian defence forces.

There are two types of Gorkhas in the Indian Army – those hailing from India (who have migrated from Nepal long ago), and the others from Nepal. Under a tripartite agreement signed between India, Nepal and Britain in 1947, Gorkhas from Nepal were allowed to work in the British and Indian armies. Currently, nearly 40,000 Nepali Gorkhas are employed in the Indian Army.

“Nepali Gorkhas have been part of the Indian Army for a very long time. If they are stopped from joining the army then the association between the armies and also the countries will be affected,” former Chief of Army Staff Gen. Ved Prakash Malik told IANS.

“Besides the large number of Nepali Gorkha soldiers, we also have a large number of pensioners in the country. The pensioners are looked after by us only. We have opened hospitals and other facilities at Kathmandu and other parts of Nepal,” Malik added. In some villages in eastern Nepal, about half of the families have one or more pensioners from the Indian Army.

India and Nepal share such a close relationship that the Indian Army chief is honorary chief of the Nepali Army traditionally and vice-versa.

“It is not just a question of strength but also our proximity and tradition,” said Malik.

Besides impacting the age-old ties between the two nations, Prachanda’s demand, if acceded to, can lead to anarchy in Nepal due to large-scale unemployment, say military experts here.

“The Indian Army and the British Army – which also has a Gorkha regiment – are a major source of employment for Nepali youth. There can be unrest in the Himalayan kingdom, leading to a big problem,” Major General (retd) Afsar Karim told IANS.

Prachanda’s call has put the Gorkhas in a moral dilemma – of choosing a life in their country or one that will ensure livelihood and sustenance.

“The Nepali Gorkha soldiers send a lot of money back home, contributing in a big way to the Nepali economy,” an army official said.

However, experts do not see any major operational problem for the Indian Army if the Nepali Gorkahs are forbidden from joining.

“If Prachanda’s demand ever materialises, the Indian Army would not be affected operationally as the army has reduced considerably the number of Gorkhas,” Karim added.

The first battalion of the Gorkha regiment was raised during British rule in 1815. The Gorkhas have served the Indian Army with valour since then.

Gorkhas have played a crucial role in India’s three wars with Pakistan (1947-48, 1965 and 1971) and during the India-China conflict in 1962. A Gorkha battalion served with distinction as part of the Indian Army contingent in the United Nations Operations in the Congo (now Zaire) in the 1960s.

(Ritu Sharma is a correspondent with IANS. She can be contacted at ritu.s@ians.in)

Dr. Bhattarai to Koirala, “Get on Board”

[Dr. Bhattarai has been calling today in Nepal for Prime Minister Koirala’s resignation, also stating to the Communist Party (United Marxist-Leninist) and the Nepali Congress to start participating in the process instead of kicking their feet, dragging along the formation of a new government headed by the Communist Party (Maoist). This was taken from Kantipur Online website.]

Maoist may run the government alone: Dr Bhattarai

Dr.Bhattarai, a leader of the Maoists

Kantipur Report

BIRATNAGAR, May 13 – CPN-Maoist second-in–command Dr Babu Ram Bhattarai Tuesday announced that that Maoist will run the government alone if other political parties do not join.

The Maoist will opt for a single party-led government if the ongoing attempts to include the participation of the major political parties go in vain, Dr Bhattarai said talking to media persons at Biratnagar Airport.

He further informed that the former rebels are not in the favor of constitution amendment prior to the first sitting of the Constituent Assembly (CA).

The Maoist senior leader stated that Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala will not be granted the country’s first presidency adding that preparations are underway to provide a respectful position for the Prime Minister.

Mentioning the first CA meet to take place by May 28 will officially bid farewell to 204-year old monarchy, Dr Bhattarai added that the Maoist are not in favor of placing ‘cultural monarch’ in the country.

He warned that harsh action will be taken if the king does not exit gracefully from the Narayanhiti Royal Palace. The Maoist will accept if the king will stay as a normal citizen, he added.

Dr Bhattarai reached Biratnagar today to participate in a programme organised by Morang Business Association.

JoMa Sison statement on Maoist electorial victory in Nepal

JMS Gives his congratulations (From MaoistRev):JoMA stands infront of MLM Portrait

*ILPS CONGRATULATES THE COMMUNIST PARTY OF NEPAL (MAOIST)*
*AND THE NEPALI PEOPLE FOR VICTORY OF DEMOCRATIC CAUSE*

By Prof. Jose Maria Sison*
Chairperson, International Coordinating Committee
International League of Peoples’ Struggle
19 April 2008

As chairperson of the International Coordinating Committee (ICC) of the International League of Peoples’ Struggle (ILPS), I hereby convey the warmest congratulations of the ICC and participating organizations of
the ILPS to the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) and the people of Nepal for their victory in the elections for the Constituent Assembly.

We are jubilant over this highly significant victory of the anti-imperialist and democratic cause. It spells the abolition of the monarchy and establishment of the democratic federal republic and opens the way for the undertaking of basic democratic reforms towards the completion of the new democratic revolution. We anticipate that under the leadership of CPN (Maoist) the new broad-based government shall carry out basic democratic reforms soon in the field of politics, social economy, culture and international relations in response to the urgent demands of the people.

To comply with previous agreements of the CPN (Maoist) and the Seven-Party Alliance (SPA), the bureaucratic and military apparatuses of the state need to be re-oriented and restructured, allowing the integration of the revolutionaries, in order to consolidate the conditions of peace and advance the nationalPrachanda after winning a district in Kathmandu and democratic interests of the Nepali people. Subsequent to the integration of the revolutionaries, the army can be systematically downsized as the people’s militia is developed in order to support the basic democratic reforms on a wide scale and reduce and make more efficient the cost of defense.

In response to the strong urgent clamor of the peasant masses, land reform needs to be carried out as the main substance of the democratic revolution and the main self-reliant support for economic development. National industrialization can be undertaken in concert with land reform and the promotion of agricultural production. A national, scientific and mass culture needs to be propagated and developed. An independent, peace-loving and development-oriented foreign policy needs to be adopted against imperialism and reaction.

We express to the CPN (Maoist) our best wishes in carrying out the mandate from the people of Nepal and in leading them to still greater victories in realizing basic democratic reforms and in carrying the new democratic revolution forward. We hope that the CPN (Maoist) and the people of Nepal will play a crucial role in promoting the advance of movements for national liberation, democracy, social justice, development and peace against imperialism and reaction.

The International League of Peoples’ Struggle shall always cooperate with the patriotic and progressive forces and broad masses of the Nepali people in mustering international support for all their efforts aimed at national and social liberation and in building international solidarity against imperialism and reaction and in raising the level of revolutionary struggle and achievement in the world to a new and higher one.